Romania - Ion Iliescu - Research Article from Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 11 pages of information about Romania.
This section contains 3,033 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
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Political Background

The Ottoman Empire ruled the territory of modern Romania from the early sixteenth century until the late nineteenth century. Romania became an independent kingdom in 1881. During the 1930s, a fascist dictatorship allied the country with Nazi Germany, but in late 1944 Romania sided with the Allies against Germany. Soviet forces installed a communist government in 1945. The Paris peace treaty of 1947 forced Romania to cede territory to the Soviet Union and Bulgaria. It also granted Romania northern Transylvania. Romania's King Michael was forced to abdicate in 1947 and Romania became a Socialist Republic. Nicolae Ceausescu became Communist Party General Secretary in 1965. During the Ceausescu era, FSN Romania was known for its repressive leadership, highly centralized government, maverick foreign policy, and unpredictable behavior within the Soviet East Bloc. Among the "old guard" of Communist Party leaders, Ceausescu was seen as one of the most resistant to change. Romania's...

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This section contains 3,033 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Romania - Ion Iliescu Encyclopedia Article
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Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations
Romania - Ion Iliescu from Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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