Roman Catholicism - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religious Practices

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 298 pages of information about Roman Catholicism.
This section contains 4,992 words
(approx. 17 pages at 300 words per page)
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Christianity: Roman Catholicism

FOUNDED: First century C.E.
RELIGION AS A PERCENTAGE OF WORLD POPULATION: 17 percent

Overview

The term "catholic" is derived from a Greek word meaning "universal" or "worldwide," and it was first applied to the church in the early second century C.E. It originally distinguished the "worldwide" church from various sectarian or splinter groups. The adjective "Roman" is not part of the name of the Catholic Church but identifies its distinguishing feature: acceptance of the supreme authority of the bishop of Rome (the pope). The matter is complicated by the fact that the Catholic Church comprises a variety of rites. The term "rite" here designates a distinct tradition in worship and church discipline. Most Catholics belong to the Latin (or Roman) Rite, but many, especially in Eastern Europe and the Middle East, belong...

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This section contains 4,992 words
(approx. 17 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Roman Catholicism Encyclopedia Article
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Gale
Roman Catholicism from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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