Roman Catholicism [first Edition] - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 49 pages of information about Roman Catholicism [first Edition].
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History

Peter and the Petrine Ministry

If one insists that Roman Catholicism is not a denomination within Christianity but is its original expression, one faces at the outset the historical fact that the earliest community of disciples gathered in Jerusalem and therefore was Palestinian rather than Roman. Indeed, the see, or diocese, of Rome did not exist at the very beginning, nor did the Roman primacy.

If, on the other hand, one holds that the adjective Roman obscures rather than defines the reality of Catholicism, Catholicism does begin at the beginning, that is, with Jesus' gathering of his disciples and with his eventual commissioning, probably following the resurrection, of Peter to be the chief shepherd and foundation of the church. Therefore, it is not the Roman primacy that gives Catholicism its distinctive identity within the community of Christian churches but the Petrine primacy.

Peter is listed...

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This section contains 14,403 words
(approx. 49 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Roman Catholicism [first Edition] Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Roman Catholicism [first Edition] from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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