Robotics - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Robotics.
This section contains 1,838 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Robotics Encyclopedia Article

Precursors of Robots

Automatons—mechanisms that perform predefined tasks with some degree of autonomy —are the early predecessors of robots and have existed for more than 1,000 years. In the ninth century, the Chinese built a statue of Buddha surrounded by steam-powered servants that would move in a circle around the central figure. In the eighteenth century, the French constructed small mechanical "scribes" that, when powered by hand, could write up to forty pre-set characters using an attached writing implement. In the nineteenth century, automatons gave way to automation. In 1801 Joseph-Marie Jacquard (1754–1834), a French inventor, designed and built a loom that used a set of punched cards with which the user could produce complex tapestries simply by pushing a pedal.

Grey Walters, a British scientist, built devices in the 1940s that moved toward lights and retreated from contact. Between 1961 and 1963, Johns Hopkins University staff built...

(read more)

This section contains 1,838 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Robotics Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences
Robotics from Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook