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Research Article: Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 100 pages of information about Renaissance Europe 1300-1600.
This section contains 3,254 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy Encyclopedia Article

Renaissance Platonism

Origins.

Medieval scholastic philosophers had often revered Plato, even though very few of his works were directly known to them. Plato's dualism (the notion that the spiritual was inherently superior to the physical) and his realism (the notion that the realm of ideas shaped our sensory perception of the world or that the things that we see are only dim reflections of universal ideals or forms) seemed to fit with Christian ideas about the world. Very few of Plato's works, though, had survived in the Middle Ages. Some were available in Greek, but knowledge of Greek was almost non-existent in medieval Europe. Most scholastics knew of Plato's ideas only secondhand. They were known, in other words, from the writings of St. Augustine, the late antique Platonic philosopher Plotinus, and the early medieval scholar Boethius. Francesco Petrarch had collected...

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This section contains 3,254 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy Encyclopedia Article
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