Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 100 pages of information about Renaissance Europe 1300-1600.
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Overview of Philosophy

Scholasticism.

At the dawn of the Renaissance, philosophy in Western Europe continued to be dominated by the scholastic method, and philosophical examination occurred primarily within Europe's universities. Because philosophy was largely pursued in faculties of theology, theological issues were of primary importance. Scholastic philosophy relied on a method for examining questions logically by weighing opposing viewpoints, propositions, and evidence. In the thirteenth century the scholastic method had reached a high watermark of development, particularly at the hands of thinkers like St. Thomas Aquinas, Albertus Magnus, and St. Bonaventura. Aquinas's achievement, in particular, still ranks as one of the great intellectual edifices of European history, and his Summa Theologiae or Theological Summation remained influential in the later Middle Ages. Thomism proceeded from the assumption that human knowledge might, in large part, be harmonized with divine revelation. In the Renaissance many scholastics continued to examine theological...

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This section contains 1,507 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy Encyclopedia Article
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Arts and Humanities Through the Eras
Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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