Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

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Humanism in the Early Renaissance

Definition.

While scholasticism was dominant in Europe's universities during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, humanism also appeared at this time as the primary intellectual innovation of the Renaissance. Humanism first developed in Italy's cities in the fourteenth century, and underwent a process of maturation before affecting intellectual life throughout Europe around 1500. The word "humanism," though, is a modern term created to describe a broad and diffuse movement. There was no intellectual manifesto for humanism, no set of beliefs that all humanists shared, as in modern Marxism or existentialism. Instead humanism describes an intellectual method and a pattern of education that Italy's umanisti or humanists embraced in the fourteenth century. These humanists practiced the studia humanitatis, the origin of the modern humanities. They believed that an education rooted in the classical texts of ancient Greece and Rome would help to bring...

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This section contains 4,414 words
(approx. 15 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy Encyclopedia Article
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Arts and Humanities Through the Eras
Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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