Punishment - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 3 pages of information about Punishment.
This section contains 816 words
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Punishment

Penalty imposed on another as a result of unwanted behavior.

Punishment is often used as a synonym for

discipline, but the two are not interchangeable. Discipline is a system of actions or interactions intended to create orderly behavior. Some disciplinary systems use punishment as a tool. Therefore, discipline does not always involve punishment, but punishment is sometimes a method of discipline. However, it is the child's interpretation of the punishment that is critical.

Punishment can be either physical or nonphysical. Behavior modification techniques, such as "logical consequences" or "time-out," use rewards and nonphysical punishments to control behavior. Behavior modification is sometimes distinguished from punishment with the claim that it is "corrective" rather than "retaliatory, " but any time a penalty is imposed because of unwanted behavior, it is punitive. Physical punishments are used frequently in Western society, as well as elsewhere, despite controversy over their effects. Numerous studies have...

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This section contains 816 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Punishment Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence
Punishment from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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