Procedural Languages - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 13 pages of information about Procedural Languages.
This section contains 3,554 words
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Fortran

We can safely say that FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslator) was the first true high-level language. A factor that influenced the development of FORTRAN was the amount of money spent on programming in 1954. The cost of programming heavily impacted on the cost of operating a computer, and as computers got cheaper, the situation got worse. American computer scientist John Backus was able to convince IBM's directors that a language could be developed with a compiler that would produce very efficient object code. He was put in charge of the group—which included Irving Ziller, Roy Nutt, David Sayre and Peter Sheridan—that developed FORTRAN. One of their goals was to design a language that would make it possible for engineers and scientists to write programs on their own for the IBM 704.

The first FORTRAN compiler took about twenty-five person-years to complete and proved to be as...

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This section contains 3,554 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Procedural Languages Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences
Procedural Languages from Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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