Prevention - Research Article from Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 6 pages of information about Prevention.
This section contains 1,673 words
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The Principles of Prevention

Over the years, those involved in the prevention movement have developed the following guiding principles for prevention programs:

1. Reduce or eliminate so-called risk factors—factors that increase a person's risk for substance abuse. Many factors increase the chances that some individuals will become substance abusers. Prevention programs recognize the following risk factors for substance abuse:

  • little commitment to school and education
  • academic failure
  • early antisocial behavior, aggression, and hyperactivity
  • alienation, rebelliousness, and lack of social bonding to society
  • antisocial behavior in early adolescence
  • favorable attitudes toward drug use
  • early first use of drugs
  • family history of alcoholism, antisocial behavior, or criminal behavior
  • parental drug use and positive attitudes toward use
  • friends (peers) who use drugs

2. Promote and enhance "protective factors"—factors that help a person avoid substance abuse. These include:

  • high self-esteem and self-discipline
  • advanced social and problem-solving skills
  • positive, optimistic outlook on...

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This section contains 1,673 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Prevention Encyclopedia Article
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Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco
Prevention from Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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