Plutarch of Chaeronea (C. 46-After 119, Before 127 Ce) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Influences

Plato's dialogues, especially the Timaeus, but also Platonic school philosophy, as it could be found in manuals and introductory works, provide the basis of Plutarch's philosophy. In Plutarch's day, Platonism was dominated by Pythagorean tendencies, most importantly the tendency to construct a hierarchy of metaphysical principals based on an ontological derivation from the principals "one" and "dyad." Plutarch himself, however, was just as much influenced by the skepticism of the Hellenistic Academy, though in the mitigated form it took under Philo of Larissa. This influence shows in the limited epistemic status he granted to empirical science, his cautious attitude regarding the epistemic claims of popular religion, and his reflections on the unreliability of the senses. This epistemology can be traced back to Plato's Timaeus, and Plutarch explicitly did so. He developed a kind of fallibilism that allowed him provisionally to accept...

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This section contains 1,409 words
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Plutarch of Chaeronea (C. 46-After 119, Before 127 Ce) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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