Plutarch - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 10 pages of information about Plutarch.
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Life, Works, and Religious Outlook

Dualism

Scholars are divided over dualism in Plutarch. In The Generation of the Soul in the Timaios, Plutarch posits a "world soul," which existed in a precosmic state as a source of cosmic evil before this soul obtained an intellect (Logos). Elsewhere he suggests that Zoroastrian dualism may be responsible for the doctrine of daimones (415D), and he discourses on the struggle between good and evil forces in Zoroastrianism—for example, as a tentative explanation for the battle between Osiris and Seth in Egyptian myth (Isis and Osiris 369D–370C). But dualism in the strict sense (a world equally balanced between good and evil—that is, between equal spiritual beings, one good, one evil) is rarely in question and certainly inconsistent with his belief in a benevolent and providential God ruling a basically good world.

Eschatological Myths

Some of Plutarch's afterlife...

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This section contains 2,702 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Plutarch Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Plutarch from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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