Plotinus (C. 205-270) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 30┬ápages of information about Plotinus (C. 205–270).
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Influences

To understand the philosophy of Plotinus, a knowledge of some of the doctrines of Plato, Aristotle, the Neo-Pythagoreans, and the Stoics is very important.

In his dialogues Plato divided all reality into the realm of ideas (intelligibles) and the realm of sensibles, treating intelligibles alone as that which truly is (ousia), which implied that they are eternal and changeless (but see below). One of these ideas, the idea of the Good, he elevated above others, calling it beyond being (epekeina ousias). Comparable to the sun, it is the source of being and cognizability of all existents. In a lecture (or a lecture course) he seems to have identified the Good with the One.

Plato discussed the concept of the One in his dialogue Parmenides, ostensibly without any conclusion. In one passage he asserts hypothetically that if the One existed, it would be ineffable and unknowable. Whether...

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This section contains 8,841 words
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Buy the Plotinus (C. 205-270) Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Plotinus (C. 205-270) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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