Plato - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 21 pages of information about Plato.
This section contains 6,031 words
(approx. 21 pages at 300 words per page)
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Plato's Doctrine

The main feature that characterizes traditional Greek religion before Plato is the distinction between gods and human beings, or immortals and mortals. Inspired by minority religious beliefs, Plato reacted against this presupposition and assigned to human beings the goal of assimilating themselves to god. This radical reversal, to which the Platonic tradition was to lay claim throughout antiquity, was based on a twofold opposition: first, between intelligible realities and sensible things, which participate in the intelligible; and secondly, between soul and body. Soul accounts for the spontaneous movement of a living body, yet it can separate itself from its original body in order to transfer itself into another one.

Plato maintained the existence of "Forms" (eide) in order to explain how this world, where everything is in constant change, presents enough permanence and stability for human beings to be able to know it, act upon it, and...

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This section contains 6,031 words
(approx. 21 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Plato Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Plato from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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