Phoenician Religion [first Edition] - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 19 pages of information about Phoenician Religion [first Edition].
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Deities

The Phoenicians worshiped three main types of gods under different names in different places. These gods are well characterized in the treaty drawn up in 677 BCE between the Assyrian king Esarhaddon and his newly conquered vassal, King Baal of Tyre. The fourth column of the treaty contains the traditional treaty curses, invoking the wrath of the gods against any Tyrian breach of the treaty's terms. The curses are divided into two sections. The first mentions Esarhaddon's own gods, as well as two additional gods associated with Aram or North Syria. Then the Phoenician gods are invoked: Baal-Shamem, Baal-Malage, and Baal-Safon are to raise a tempest and destroy the Phoenician ships; Melqart and Eshmun are to deprive the Phoenicians of their sustenance and clothing; and Astarte is to lead them to defeat in battle.

The epithet Baal-Shamem ("lord of heaven") denotes the high god of any...

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This section contains 5,414 words
(approx. 19 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Phoenician Religion [first Edition] Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Phoenician Religion [first Edition] from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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