*Macmillan Science Library: Mathematics*. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.

This section contains 742 words(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page) |

## Permutations

A permutation is an ordered arrangement of objects. For instance, the fraction is a permutation of two objects, whereas the combination to open a lock—23 L, 5 R, and 17 L—is a permutation of three objects. The ordered arrangements of objects likely dates all the way to the beginning of organizing and recording information.

Sometimes one is interested in knowing the number of permutations that are available from a collection of objects. Suppose a club has two candidates for president: Bob (B) and Janice (J); three candidates for secretary: Katy (K), Rob (R), and Harry (H); and three candidates for parliamentarian: Abe (A), Calvin (C), and Mary (M). In how many different ways could these candidates be elected to the three offices? One way to find out is to simply list the possible permutations: {(B,K,A), (B,K,C), (B,K,M), (B,R...

This section contains 742 words(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page) |