Parasitic Plants - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences

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The parasitic mode of existence is frequently encountered among all life forms, including flowering plants. In this discussion a plant will be considered parasitic only if it produces a haustorium, the modified root that forms the morphological and physiological link to another plant (the host). Some plants, such as the ghostly white Indian Pipe (Monotropa) are often called parasites, but are more properly termed mycotrophs (Greek mykes, meaning "fungus," and trophos, meaning "feeder"). Mycotrophs, which occur in many plant families, lack chlorophyll and are nonphotosynthetic, and their

PARASITIC PLANT FAMILIES
Family Common Name Number of Genera (approximate) Number of Species (approximate) Parasitism Type Genera Example
Balanophoraceae* Balanophora family 18 45 Root, holoparasite Balanophora, Corynaea, Cynomorium, Thonningia
Cuscutaceaeā€  Dodder family 1 160 Stem, hemiparasite and holoparasite Cuscuta
Hydnoraceae Hydnora family 2 15 Root, holoparasite Hydnora, Prosopanche
Krameriaceae Krameria family 1 17 Root, hemiparasite and holoparasite Krameria
Lauraceae Laurel family 1 20 Stem, hemiparasite Cassytha
Lennoaceae Lennoa family...

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This section contains 1,006 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Parasitic Plants Encyclopedia Article
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Parasitic Plants from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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