Nitrous Oxide - Research Article from Chemical Compounds

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 4 pages of information about Nitrous Oxide.
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Overview

Nitrous oxide (NYE-truss OX-side) is also known as dinitrogen oxide, dinitrogen monoxide, nitrogen monoxide, and laughing gas. It is a colorless, nonflammable gas with a sweet odor. Its common name of laughing gas is derived from the fact that it produces a sense of light-headedness when inhaled. The gas is widely used as an anesthetic, a substance that reduces sensitivity to pain and discomfort.

Key Facts

Other Names:

See Overview.

Formula:

N2O

Elements:

Nitrogen; oxygen

Compound Type:

Nonmetallic oxide (inorganic)

State:

Gas

Molecular Weight:

44.01 g/mol

Melting Point:

−90.8°C (−131°F)

Boiling Point:

−88.48°C (−127.3°F)

Solubility:

Slightly soluble in water; soluble in ethyl alcohol and ether

Nitrous oxide was probably first produced by the English chemist and physicist Robert Boyle (1627–1691), although he did not recognize the new compound he had found. Credit for the discovery of nitrous oxide is, therefore, usually given to the English...

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This section contains 993 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Nitrous Oxide Encyclopedia Article
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Nitrous Oxide from UXL. ©2008 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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