New Zealand - Helen Elizabeth Clark - Research Article from Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 11 pages of information about New Zealand.
This section contains 3,068 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
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Political Background

New Zealand was originally settled by Maori voyagers from Polynesia in the ninth century. The first European to sight it was the Dutch explorer, Abel Tasman. In 1769, Captain James Cook claimed it for the British. New Zealand did not become a formal colony until 1841. It retained this colonial status until 1907 when it was made an independent member of the British Commonwealth.

New Zealand was one of the first countries to introduce universal adult suffrage and establish a welfare state. Beginning in 1898, the state passed laws guaranteeing old-age pensions and regulating labor practices. In the 1930s, a comprehensive social security system was introduced, which eventually guaranteed medical care to all New Zealanders. The success of the European settlers was not originally shared by the indigenous population. In 1840, a treaty guaranteed the Maoris possession of their land, but a series of wars forced them...

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This section contains 3,068 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the New Zealand - Helen Elizabeth Clark Encyclopedia Article
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Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations
New Zealand - Helen Elizabeth Clark from Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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