Neuron - Research Article from World of Biology

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 5 pages of information about Neuron.
This section contains 1,233 words
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Neurons are nerve cells (neurocytes), which, together with neuroglial cells, comprise the nervous tissue making up the nervous system. The neuron is the integral element of our five senses and of countless other physical, regulatory, and mental faculties, including memory and consciousness. A neuron consists of a nerve cell body (or soma), an elongated projection (axon), and short branching fibers (called dendrites). Neurons receive nerve signals (action potentials), integrate action potentials, and transmit these signals to other neurons or effector organs, such as muscles and glands. The structure and function of neurons is essentially the same in all animals, although the human nervous system is much more specialized and complicated than that of lower animals. Humans are born with a large, but finite, supply of neurons and those cells that are lost through aging, injury, or disease cannot be replaced.

Structure and function

Neurons exist in many shapes...

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This section contains 1,233 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Neuron Encyclopedia Article
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Gale
Neuron from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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