Neuron - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Neuron.
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History

In the 1870s, the Italian anatomist Camillo Golgi developed such a special staining technique, and he and other scientists were then able to observe, under the microscope, the fine structures of the cells of the nervous system. Yet Golgi may not have fully appreciated that what seemed to be an extended network of nerve tissue, in reality, were millions of distinct neurons with fine fibrils touching each other. It was the Spanish scientist, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, who was credited with expounding the neuron theory. In 1906, Golgi and Ramón y Cajal shared the Nobel prize in physiology/medicine for their discoveries on the nature of the nervous system.

Even after the concept of separate neurons was generally accepted, there was controversy for many years about how the separate neurons communicated with each other. At the end of the nineteenth century, many scientists believed they...

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This section contains 2,079 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Neuron Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior
Neuron from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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