Neoplatonism [addendum] - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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The Main Doctrines

The emphasis on the unity of the creator may well have found a welcoming reception by Muslim thinkers, and it is certainly there strongly in Islamic neoplatonism. One of the central issues is how there came to be many things in existence when really there exists only one absolute being or principle. An explanation is that the One thinks and through thinking brings other things into existence, because once it thinks it realises that it is a thinking thing, and this brings about a mental bifurcation in its unity, a bifurcation that leads to the production of a range of beings that exist either closer or more distantly from it. The more perfect and abstract they are, the closer they are, the less perfect and the more material are more distant.

Another issue was how God related to the world. If God is identified with...

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This section contains 1,433 words
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Neoplatonism [addendum] from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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