Molecular Anthropology - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 12 pages of information about Molecular Anthropology.
This section contains 3,411 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
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Tracing Human Origins Through Genetic Data

Molecular anthropology attempts to answer such questions as whether humans are more genetically similar to chimpanzees than to gorillas; in what region or regions modern humans first developed; what the patterns are of migration and mixture of early human populations; and whether Neandertals were a different species, and whether they died out or mixed in with modern humans. Molecular anthropology is perhaps best known for the studies that surround the discovery of "mitochondrial Eve" (discussed below), although the meaning of that discovery is often misunderstood.

Two major approaches are used in addressing these questions, both of which involve analyzing DNA. The first and most common approach is to compare the DNA of groups of living organisms, for example, comparing humans to humans or humans to primates. The second approach relies on isolating and analyzing DNA from an ancient source, and comparing it...

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This section contains 3,411 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Molecular Anthropology Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Genetics
Molecular Anthropology from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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