Microbial Taxonomy - Research Article from World of Microbiology and Immunology

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 4 pages of information about Microbial Taxonomy.
This section contains 930 words
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Microbial taxonomy is a means by which microorganisms can be grouped together. Organisms having similarities with respect to the criteria used are in the same group, and are separated from the other groups of microorganisms that have different characteristics.

There are a number of taxonomic criteria that can be used. For example, numerical taxonomy differentiates microorganisms, typically bacteria, on their phenotypic characteristics. Phenotypes are the appearance of the microbes or the manifestation of the genetic character of the microbes. Examples of phenotypic characteristics include the Gram stain reaction, shape of the bacterium, size of the bacterium, where or not the bacterium can propel itself along, the capability of the microbes to grow in the presence or absence of oxygen, types of nutrients used, chemistry of the surface of the bacterium, and the reaction of the immune system to the bacterium.

Numerical taxonomy typically invokes a number...

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This section contains 930 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Microbial Taxonomy Encyclopedia Article
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Microbial Taxonomy from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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