Mesopotamian Religions - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

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Sumerian Beliefs

To understand the essentials of Babylonian religion we should refer to the beliefs of the first inhabitants of Mesopotamia, the Sumerians. Only a few key aspects of Sumerian religious literature were of interest to the Babylonians; for example, there was no information concerning the origin of the cosmos, which interested the Babylonians keenly. What was of far greater significance to the Sumerians was the organization of their own world, in which the divine intervened regularly. The Sumerians had two leading gods in their divine pantheon: Enlil, the poliad god of Nippur, and Enki, the poliad god of Eridu. The first is the undisputed head of the Sumerian pantheon, the second is the god of wisdom par excellence. Besides these two main divinities, another god, the father of both, plays a prominent role in the Sumerian religious outlook—An, the god of the sky...

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This section contains 4,375 words
(approx. 15 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Mesopotamian Religions Encyclopedia Article
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Mesopotamian Religions from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.