Medieval Europe 814-1450: Visual Arts - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

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Intellectual Influences on Art in the Later Middle Ages

Academic Influences on Naturalism.

Already in the twelfth century, formal education had moved from monastic houses to urban cathedral schools, and by the turn of the thirteenth century, the latter had given rise to the first universities, which quickly became the center of later medieval intellectual life throughout Europe. Although the traditional seven "liberal arts" (grammar, rhetoric, logic, geometry, arithmetic, astronomy, and music) remained part of the curriculum, it was the newly translated writings of Aristotle that were most highly valued. Because of the perceived heretical ideas in the more naturalistic of his works, university scholars often dedicated themselves to the integration of this classical inheritance with Christian theology. Thomas Aquinas and Albertus Magnus were two of the most important masters in the project of integrating faith and reason. More important for the visual...

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This section contains 1,917 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Medieval Europe 814-1450: Visual Arts Encyclopedia Article
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Medieval Europe 814-1450: Visual Arts from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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