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Research Article: Medieval Europe 814-1450: Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 195 pages of information about Medieval Europe 814-1450.
This section contains 2,563 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Medieval Europe 814-1450: Religion Encyclopedia Article

Secular Clergy: Reform and Reaction

Simplicity and Celibacy.

The eleventh-century clerical reforms directed by the papacy called for a new discipline among secular priests. Proponents of reform stressed simplicity of lifestyle and singular dedication (including celibacy), as well as the need to break ties with secular interests and worldliness. The two most troublesome issues involving corruptions of the priesthood at this time were those related to simony (the buying or selling of church office) and clerical marriage. The momentum of reform also ushered in a rise in the number of individuals seeking the monastic life at places like Cluny. The character of priesthood was also an issue, but more importantly the social distinctions between the powers of the church and the laity were being clarified during this time. Pope Nicholas II's legislation of 1059 reflects Rome's awareness of the acute need for clerical...

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This section contains 2,563 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Medieval Europe 814-1450: Religion Encyclopedia Article
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