Medieval Europe 814-1450: Religion - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

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Medieval Judaism

Diaspora and Reestablishment.

Judaism came to Europe as a result of a process known as diaspora (from the Greek "scattering"), which can refer to any number of migrations of Jewish communities when they were forced to leave their homes and live among Gentiles outside the Holy Land. Major diaspora occurred after the Babylonian exile in the sixth century B.C.E., after the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in the first century C.E., in the early medieval period following Muslim conquest of the Holy Land, and in the late medieval period linked to Christian inquisitions and persecutions. Medieval Jewish religious communities were quite diverse as the various diaspora movements resulted in pockets of settlement all over the Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, and European world. Those settling in Spain, known as the Sephardim, created a golden age of Jewish culture in Muslim Andalusia. Those who...

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This section contains 3,479 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Medieval Europe 814-1450: Religion Encyclopedia Article
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Arts and Humanities Through the Eras
Medieval Europe 814-1450: Religion from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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