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Research Article: Medieval Europe 814-1450: Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 82 pages of information about Medieval Europe 814-1450.
This section contains 1,421 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Medieval Europe 814-1450: Philosophy Encyclopedia Article

The Retreat from Reason: Mysticism

Escape from a Harsh Reality.

The fourteenth century was on many fronts a desperate age, an age of disintegration. The papacy had been weakened morally and militarily by generations of struggle against the powerful rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, a dynasty that traced its legitimacy to the time of Charlemagne in the ninth century and controlled both Germany and northern Italy. As a result of this and other political conflicts, the papacy had become virtually a captive of the French crown at Avignon. Later in the century there were simultaneously three different men claiming to be pope. The magnificent structure of scholastic theology, elaborated as no other system of theology in the history of the world, was crumbling, brought down by the assaults of the Ockhamists. The bubonic plague was ravaging Europe, killing off approximately a third of the population...

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This section contains 1,421 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Medieval Europe 814-1450: Philosophy Encyclopedia Article
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