Medieval Europe 814-1450: Fashion - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

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Academic, Clerical, and Religious Dress

Standardizing for Simplicity.

Similar to peasants, members of the second estate—those who led a life associated with the church—wore costumes that were not nearly as subject to changes of fashion as the costumes of the aristocracy. Clothing worn by those who served the Christian church was intended to symbolize the simplicity of life modeled by Jesus. The ruling that required all men and women in cloistered religious orders—that is, monks and nuns who lived apart from the world—to wear habits was established by a consensus of church officials several centuries after the founding of the Benedictine Order of monks in 529. Canon 27 (a rule regulating dress) was initiated as early as the Fourth Council of Constantinople (869–870) and reaffirmed in the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215. These councils, known as "ecumenical" (that is...

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This section contains 2,256 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Medieval Europe 814-1450: Fashion Encyclopedia Article
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Medieval Europe 814-1450: Fashion from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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