Materials - Research Article from Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 15 pages of information about Materials.
This section contains 4,253 words
(approx. 15 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Materials Encyclopedia Article

Materials in Energy Production, Transmission, and Storage

Metals are of overwhelming importance in these applications. Steel, which is iron containing carbon and many different metallic additions, is still the most used metal. Aluminum is increasingly used in many applications because of its light weight and resistance to chemical attack. Copper is required for transmission lines, wiring, and generators because of its high electrical conductivity. There are many specialized uses of other metals: manganese, vanadium, and molybdenum as alloying elements to improve strength and chemical durability of steel; uranium and plutonium in nuclear reactors; silver in electrical contacts; and tungsten as filaments in lamps.

Ceramics, including concrete, are useful especially in structures, reactors, as refractories in combustion of fuels, and as nuclear fuel. Porcelain insulators on transmission lines are an example of a specialized application of ceramics.

Electronic materials are needed for computers and control devices; purified silicon is the...

(read more)

This section contains 4,253 words
(approx. 15 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Materials Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy
Materials from Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook