Magnesium - Research Article from Chemical Elements

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 6 pages of information about Magnesium.
This section contains 1,783 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)
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Symbol

Mg

Atomic Number

12

Atomic Mass

24.305

Family

Group 2 (Iia) Alkaline Earth Metal Pronunciation

mag-NEE-zee-um

Overview

Magnesium is the second element in Group 2 (IIA) of the periodic table a chart that shows how chemical elements are related to each other. The elements in Group 2 are known as the alkaline earth elements. Other elements in that group include beryllium, calcium, strontium, barium, and radium.

Compounds of magnesium have been used by humans for centuries. Yet, the element itself was not isolated until 1808. The long delay occurred because magnesium forms very stable compounds. That means that such compounds do not break down very easily.

Magnesium is the seventh most abundant element in the Earth's crust. It also occurs in large amounts dissolved in ocean waters.

Large amounts of magnesium are used to make alloys. An alloy is made by melting or mixing two or more metals. The mixture has properties different...

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This section contains 1,783 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Magnesium Encyclopedia Article
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Magnesium from UXL. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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