Libraries, Functions and Types Of - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Communication and Information

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Types

While the digital revolution has forced an intensifying debate about the future of libraries, much, nevertheless, remains the same. For example, for several centuries the principal types of libraries have remained unchanged. What differentiates these library types is the nature of their clienteles; and thus governmental, public, academic, school, and special libraries are found, serving information-seeking patrons throughout the world.

The first of these types to emerge in time was the library serving government. From the beginnings of centralized civilizations some five thousand years ago, it was necessary for governments to collect and organize for efficient use, large (and eventually huge) amounts of information. Then as now, some of the largest libraries in any country are government libraries serving special clienteles of civil servants, legislators, or members of the judicial and executive branches of the government, and are supported with public resources. For example...

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This section contains 4,725 words
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Encyclopedia of Communication and Information
Libraries, Functions and Types Of from Encyclopedia of Communication and Information. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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