Launch Sites - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Space Sciences

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Major Launch Sites Outside of the United States

Russia.

Russia launches all its human space missions as well as all geo-stationary, lunar, and planetary missions from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. In reality, the Baikonur launch site is located more than 320 kilometers away from a town of that name. Instead, the Baikonur Cosmodrome is situated north of the village of Tyuratam on the Syr Darya River (45.9° North attitude and 63.3° East longitude). The Baikonur name is a relic of Cold War deception. Despite the potential confusion, the Baikonur Cosmodrome is the site where Sputnik 1, Earth's first artificial satellite, was launched. Today, it is the only Russian site capable of launching the Proton launch vehicle, and was used for several International Space Station missions. The Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia's northernmost launch complex, is used to launch satellites into high inclination, polar, and highly elliptical orbits.

Japan.

The Tanegashima Space Center is...

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This section contains 1,176 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Launch Sites Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Space Sciences
Launch Sites from Macmillan Science Library: Space Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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