Knowledge in Indian Philosophy - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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PramĀṆa

To the question "how can one know something?" all Indian philosophers would answer unanimously: by having a means of knowledge. This answer may sound almost tautological and no two significant philosophers would understand the term in exactly the same manner. Nevertheless, the term pramāṇa played a crucial role in structuring the Indian epistemologies. It is around this concept, its definitions, and its varieties that Indian philosophy developed in its most dynamic period (roughly from the fifth to the twelfth century). The most important means of knowledge are sense perception (pratyakṣa), inference (anumāna), and verbal communication (śabda), under which sacred writings such as the Vedas or the teaching of the Buddha are subsumed.

What are the means of knowledge (pramāṇa)?

The number of means of knowledge that...

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This section contains 6,573 words
(approx. 22 pages at 300 words per page)
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Knowledge in Indian Philosophy from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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