Juries - Research Article from Governments of the World

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 9 pages of information about Juries.
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History of Trial by Jury

England is generally credited as being the birthplace of the jury, and indeed, most states that utilize juries have the British to thank for introducing jury trial into their country. However, many European strands can be traced into the formation of the English jury system, and jury trial long predates the English model. In ancient Greece Socrates (470–399 B.C.E) was tried by a jury of 500 men (women not being allowed to participate in civic affairs at that time), who were chosen by lot, in a "People's Court." There were no witnesses (Socrates's accusers first argued their case, then Socrates, in his own defense), and no judge to instruct the jurors. Nor were the jurors given the opportunity to discuss the merits of the case amongst themselves. Rather, they simply voted, and, by a majority of 280 to 220 (note that a bare majority vote...

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This section contains 2,690 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Juries Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
Juries from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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