Israelite Religion - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 30 pages of information about Israelite Religion.
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God and the Gods

Yahweh (הוהי) is the proper name of the God of ancient Israel. He is also called El, literally "God," and Elohim, also meaning "God," although the latter was originally a plural noun meaning "gods, pantheon." By a remarkable act of theological reduction, the complex divine hierarchy of prior polytheistic religion was transformed into the authority of a sole high god. However, Yahweh was not the only god in Israelite religion. Like a king in his court, Yahweh was served by lesser deities, variously called "the Sons of God," "the Host of Heaven," and similar titles. This host (the word also means "army") sometimes fought battles of holy war (cf. the battle of Jericho, where Joshua meets the divine "captain of Yahweh's army"; Jo. 5:13–15) and were also represented as stars (Jgs. 5:20: "the stars fought from heaven;" also...

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This section contains 8,732 words
(approx. 30 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Israelite Religion Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Israelite Religion from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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