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## Overview

Isaac Newton's (1642-1725) most influential writing was his *Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica *(The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), published in sections between the years 1667-86. It united two competing strands of natural philosophy—experimental induction and mathematical deduction—into the scientific method of the modern era. His emphasis on experimental observation and mathematical analysis changed the scope and possibilities of science.

## Background

Throughout the medieval period European scholars had relied heavily on the teachings of Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) and the works of a few Christian philosophers. Then, in the late fifteenth century, there was a rediscovery and popularization of other ancient writers, such as Plato (427-347 B.C.), who opposed many of Aristotle's ideas. The intellectual...

This section contains 1,754 words(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page) |