Iceland - Research Article from Governments of the World

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 8 pages of information about Iceland.
This section contains 2,198 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
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History

Iceland was founded in the ninth century by Nordic seafarers. In C.E. 930 alegal code for Iceland was accepted and the Icelandic parliamentary body, the Althingi, was established. The code of law and the procedure were derived from a body of Norwegian law adapted to meet Icelandic conditions. It was not put down in writing. The rule of law was of great significance from the earliest Icelandic history. From 930 to 1264 much of the law was recited during the meeting of Althingi and some contend that it was not until later that written law took precedence over oral law.

In 1262 Icelanders established a union with Norway. In 1380, when the Danish and Norwegian monarchies united, Iceland followed suit and became part of the combined kingdom. The king obligated himself to preserve peace and to allow Iceland to have its own laws and maintain the Althingi until 1662, when Iceland gave formal...

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This section contains 2,198 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Iceland Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
Iceland from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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