Genetics - Research Article from World of Genetics

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Genetics

Genetics is the branch of biology dealing with heredity and attempts to explain the similarities and differences that exist between parents and offspring.

Although hypotheses on the nature and mechanisms of heredity date to antiquity, genetics did not become an independent scientific discipline until the turn of the twentieth century. Through studies of crosses between garden peas, the Czech-born German monk Gregor Mendel (1823-1884) worked out the basic principles of inheritance, which he expressed in his laws of heredity. Mendel's work stimulated the first experiments in what is now known as classical genetics. These early studies developed into the eventual identification and demonstration of chromosome individuality, gene linkage, crossing over and the linear arrangement of genes in chromosomes.

The term genetics was actually first coined, in the early 1900s by the English scientist William Bateson (1861-1926). Bateson was one of the first scientists to accept and popularized the...

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This section contains 1,367 words
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Buy the Genetics Encyclopedia Article
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Genetics from World of Genetics. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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