Genetic Testing: Ethical Issues - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Genetic Testing.
This section contains 1,920 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
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Advances in Genetic Science

Early understanding of genetic disease was first obtained about "single-gene disorders." These disorders include such diseases as sickle cell disease and cystic fibrosis. They occur because of the strong influence of a mutation in a single gene. Using the tremendous amounts of information about the human genome made available by the Human Genome Project, scientists are now dissecting the genetic components of complex disorders, such as diabetes and heart disease, that come about as a result of both genetic and environmental factors. Information about the genetic factors in complex disorders can help to predict the probability of future development of disease.

Understanding the issue of probability is important for the ethical use of genetic testing technology. "Genetic determinism" describes the idea that genes hold the map of an individual's future health. Although the detection of some mutations can diagnose the presence of...

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This section contains 1,920 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Genetic Testing: Ethical Issues Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Genetics
Genetic Testing: Ethical Issues from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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