Freud, Sigmund Schlomo - Research Article from Psychologists and Their Theories for Students

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Freud, Sigmund Schlomo

1856–1939

AUSTRIAN PHYSICIAN, PSYCHIATRIST

VIENNA UNIVERSITY, M.D., 1881

Brief Overview

Although Sigmund Freud was not the first person to formally study psychology, many consider him the most pivotal figure in the development of the field as we know it today. Freud changed the way society has come to think about and treat mental illness. Before Freud, mental illness was thought to result from deterioration or disease of the brain. Freud changed all of this by explicitly rejecting the purely organic or physical explanations of his predecessors. Instead he believed that unconscious motives and drives controlled most behavior.

During a career that spanned 58 years, beginning with an earned medical degree in 1881 and continuing to his death in 1939, he developed and repeatedly revised his theory of psychoanalysis. Most of Freud's theory was developed from contact he had with patients seen in his private practice in Vienna...

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This section contains 18,850 words
(approx. 63 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Freud, Sigmund Schlomo Encyclopedia Article
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Psychologists and Their Theories for Students
Freud, Sigmund Schlomo from Psychologists and Their Theories for Students. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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