Economy, World War I - Research Article from Americans at War

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Agriculture

The Wilson administration faced the enormous task of marshalling the nation's human and material resources. By Armistice Day the United States had raised a military of nearly 4.8 million soldiers and shipped over 20 million tons of food to Europe. None of this would have been possible without a mammoth increase in the power and authority of the federal government to organize the economy so as to support the war effort. In 1916, as part of its overall preparedness campaign, Congress created the Council of National Defense, made up of cabinet officers and leaders from business and labor. The council's major achievement involved the creation of various specialty coordinating agencies, including the Food Administration and the War Industries Board. In May 1917 President Wilson appointed Herbert Hoover as Food Administrator and charged him with raising U.S. agricultural production in order to furnish both domestic and European needs. Congress...

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This section contains 1,144 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Economy, World War I Encyclopedia Article
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Americans at War
Economy, World War I from Americans at War. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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