Democracy - Research Article from Governments of the World

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 11 pages of information about Democracy.
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Democracy as a Matter of Rights

From the eighteenth century into the mid-twentieth century, democracy came to be argued not simply as a matter of legitimate popular power but also as a matter of individual rights. Democratic citizenship was now derived from the claim that human beings have certain inalienable rights regardless of the society in which they live. Among the many arguments of this kind, the most influential include the Declaration of Independence (1776), arising from the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and the Declaration of the Rights of Man (1789), arising out of the French Revolution (1789–1799). In the latter document, Rousseau argued that every citizen not only should have a "right to participate personally, or through his representative," in the general will, but also that all human beings have a natural right to "liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression." Therefore, a democratic nation had to secure for its...

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This section contains 3,020 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Democracy Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
Democracy from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.