Culture - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 13 pages of information about Culture.
This section contains 3,648 words
(approx. 13 pages at 300 words per page)
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History of the Concept

In its earliest known English usages, culture refers to the cultivation of food plants. Philip Smith (2001, p. 1) writes that by the sixteenth century this meaning was metaphorically applied to people to signify proper education and human achievement. In this sense, the term culture in English carries a positive bias and refers only to those parts of learned ideals and behaviors that the observer considers good, proper, and refined, as when one speaks of a person being highly cultured, or of culture in the sense of fine arts. In other words, culture was originally meant to refer to one's own culture, carried to its most benevolent and ideal state of development.

Edward Burnett Tylor (1832–1917), the world's first professor of anthropology, was the most influential in adapting and changing this English term for the social sciences, humanities, and popular usage. Alfred L. Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn...

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This section contains 3,648 words
(approx. 13 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Culture Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Culture from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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