Confucian Perspectives - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

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Confucian Foundations

The primary text of Kong Zi's thought that is still in existence is the Analects (Lun Yu), a posthumous collection of his sayings and his disciples' reflective remarks on his teachings. Other major Confucian classics include The Book of Meng Zi, The Book of Change, The Book of History, The Odes, The Book of Rites, and The Spring and Autumn. Although the precise dates of these works cannot be ascertained, scholars generally believe they were compiled during the Spring–Autumn and Warring States period (770–221B.C.E.). The development of Confucianism usually is divided into three phases. Classical Confucianism was developed by Kong Zi and other early thinkers. Neo-Confucianism was developed during the Song (960–1276) and Ming (1368–1644) dynasties by thinkers such as Zhu Xi (1130–1200) and Wang Yangming (1472–1529). The third phase is contemporary New-Confucianism, represented by thinkers such as Xiong Shili (1885&#x...

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This section contains 3,117 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
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Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics
Confucian Perspectives from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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