Communism and Anticommunism - Research Article from Americans at War

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The Truman Doctrine and Containment

U.S. President Harry Truman was in no position in 1945 to confront Stalin militarily. Americans insisted on the rapid demobilization of the nation's armed forces and the conversion of defense plants into producers of consumer goods. Moreover, thanks to efforts by the U.S. Office of War Information and cooperative media outlets, many citizens regarded Stalin as a kindly "Uncle Joe" figure. Although Americans of Eastern European Roman Catholic descent (most of whom were Democratic voters) did not trust Stalin, they too wanted their men home. When former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill delivered a speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, in 1946 warning that an "Iron Curtain" had descended over Eastern Europe, few Americans outside Washington, D.C., expressed concern.

By 1947, economic misery and social unrest in Western Europe, along with a Soviet-backed insurgency in Greece, forced Truman to act. U...

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This section contains 2,442 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Communism and Anticommunism Encyclopedia Article
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Americans at War
Communism and Anticommunism from Americans at War. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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