Cocaine - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 10 pages of information about Cocaine.
This section contains 2,942 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
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History

Cocaine is extracted from the COCA PLANT (Erythroxylon coca), a shrub now found mainly in the Andean highlands and the northwestern parts of the Amazon in South America. The history of coca plant use by the cultures and civilizations who lived in these areas (including the Inca) goes back more than a thousand years, with evidence of use found archeologically in their burial sites. The Inca called the plant a "gift of the Sun god" and believed that the leaf had supernatural powers. They used the leaves much as the highland Indians of South America do today. A wad of leaves, along with some ash, is placed in the mouth and both chewed and sucked. The ash helps in the extraction of the cocaine from the coca leaf—and the cocaine is efficiently absorbed through the mucous membranes of the mouth.

Cocaine is usually distributed as a whitecrystalline powder, usually cocainehydrocholride, that is often diluted with avariety of substances—sugars such as lactose, inositol and mannitol, and local anesthetics suchas lidocaine. (Drug Enforcement Administration) Cocaine is usually distributed as a...

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This section contains 2,942 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Cocaine Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior
Cocaine from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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