Cia and Espionage - Research Article from Americans at War

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Waging the Covert Cold War

In the 1950s, presidents used the CIA's covert capabilities to confront Communist expansionism in Europe and Asia. The agency helped the Philippine government defeat a Communist insurgency. In Korea, the CIA equipped and trained Koreans for behind-the-lines operations. However, covert actions in Eastern Europe did little to contain Soviet control in that region. President Eisenhower appointed Allen Dulles, head of Office of Strategic Services (OSS) activities in Switzerland during World War II, as DCI. Dulles' brother, John Foster Dulles, became secretary of state. The anticommunist views of the brothers facilitated a reliance on covert action as a policy instrument.

In 1953, the CIA spearheaded a coup in Iran, toppling a Communist-supported government and returning the Shah to power. The next year it helped replace a Guatemalan president, perceived as under Communist influence, with a military junta. However, the Soviet Union's crushing of the...

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This section contains 1,270 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Cia and Espionage Encyclopedia Article
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Americans at War
Cia and Espionage from Americans at War. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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