Chemistry - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences

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Chemistry

The field of chemistry requires the use of computers in a multitude of ways. Primarily, computers are useful for storing vast amounts of data for the researcher or student to use. From facts about the periodic table to displaying 3-D models of molecules for easy visualization, computers are vital in the chemistry lab.

Equally important, many aspects of chemistry are explained in mathematical terms, and mathematicians have applied the laws of physics to much of chemistry. The result of this work is a diversity of equations that define chemical properties and predict chemical reactions. Because of these equations, for example, one can figure out the volume and density of gases. Equations are also used to calculate atmospheric pressures or to figure out the molecular weight of a solute (dissolved substance) in a solvent.

Chemists use computer-generated molecular models, such as this rendition of the poisonous nerve agent SARIN, to analyze the molecule's structure and function. Chemists use computer-generated molecular models, such as this rendition of the poisonous nerve...

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This section contains 1,045 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Chemistry Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences
Chemistry from Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.